However, merging different investigative approaches and writing styles requires more attention to the overall research process than studies conducted using only one methodological paradigm.Exploratory research is flexible and can address research questions of all types (what, why, how).The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later investigation or undertaken when research problems are in a preliminary stage of investigation.Gardner, and Lynne M. Haeffele. When to Use What Research Design.A case study is an in-depth study of a particular research problem rather than a sweeping statistical survey or comprehesive comparative inquiry.Historical sources can be used over and over to study different research problems or to replicate a previous study.Using a quantitative framework, a cohort study makes note of statistical occurrence within a specialized subgroup, united by same or similar characteristics that are relevant to the research problem being investigated, r ather than studying statistical occurrence within the general population.This type of research design draws a conclusion by comparing subjects against a control group, in cases where the researcher has no control over the experiment.
One will sell the cereal in only its original box and the other with the new box.In direct observations, people know that you are watching them.Empirical association -- a valid conclusion is based on finding an association between the independent variable and the dependent variable.The sources of historical materials must be archived consistently to ensure access.
The design can provide detailed descriptions of specific and rare cases.Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences. 4th edition.Produces more complete knowledge and understanding of the research problem that can be used to increase the generalizability of findings applied to theory or practice.Provides an opportunity to define new terms and clarify existing concepts.Exploratory research generally utilizes small sample sizes and, thus, findings are typically not generalizable to the population at large.Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable.This also increases the chance that key variables change during the course of the study, potentially impacting the validity of the findings.Approach provides the highest level of evidence for single studies.
Action research studies often have direct and obvious relevance to improving practice and advocating for change.
Writing the Methodology - Quantitative Approach
Finding people, subjects, or phenomena to study that are very similar except in one specific variable can be difficult.Design is a useful approach for gaining background information on a particular topic.Can reveal interrelationships among multifaceted dimensions of group interactions.
The purpose of the study is descriptive, often in the form of a survey.The overall structure for a quantitative design is based in the scientific method.There are no hidden controls or preemption of direction by the researcher.
The design cannot be used to create conclusions and interpretations that pertain to an entire population because the sampling technique is not randomized.When it comes to online surveys, the most common example of exploratory research takes place in the form of open-ended questions.The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.This means the researcher can obtain a limitless number of subjects before making a final decision whether to accept the null or alternative hypothesis.Analysis can be abstract, argumentative, and limited in its practical application to real-life issues.Due to multiple forms of data being collected and analyzed, this design requires extensive time and resources to carry out the multiple steps involved in data gathering and interpretation.Quantitative Research Designs: Experimental, Quasi-Experimental, and Non-Experimental.
In social sciences research, obtaining information relevant to the research problem generally entails specifying the type of evidence needed to test a theory, to evaluate a program, or to accurately describe and assess meaning related to an observable phenomenon.
Difference Between Descriptive and Exploratory Research
Descriptive Statistics - Social Research Methods
The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice.Last summer, as I reviewed educational research textbooks before choosing one.Provides a means of reviewing research published about a particular topic over an extended period of time and from a variety of sources.
Study Design and Sampling - Research Methodology CourseThe artificial settings of experiments may alter the behaviors or responses of participants.
True experiments must have control, randomization, and manipulation.
Quantitative Studies: Descriptive/Survey, CausalCross-Sectional Studies: Design, Application, Strengths and Weaknesses of Cross-Sectional Studies.If the criteria for selecting a case is because it represents a very unusual or unique phenomenon or problem for study, then your intepretation of the findings can only apply to that particular case.
What is the basic methodology for a quantitative research design.Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people.Unobtrusive measures involve any method for studying behavior where individuals do not know they are being observed.For example, a cereal brand owner wants to learn if they will receive more sales with their new cereal box design.